Hi Everyone , Our Today’s Topic is What is Artificial Intelligence in 2023 ? Types, Trends, and Future of it?
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer or a robot controlled by a computer to do tasks that are usually done by humans because they require human intelligence and discernment.
If you ask about artificial intelligence an AI researcher, (s) he would say that, Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition and machine vision.
It is the simulation of natural intelligence in machines that are programmed to learn and mimic the actions of humans. These machines are able to learn with experience and perform human-like tasks. As technologies such as AI continue to grow, they will have a great impact on our quality of life.
There are a lot of ongoing discoveries and developments, most of which are divided into four categories: reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind, and self-aware AI.
How do we measure if Artificial Intelligence is acting like a human?
The Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being. The test is named after Alan Turing, the founder of the Turing Test and an English computer scientist, cryptanalyst, mathematician and theoretical biologist.
Turing proposed that a computer can be said to possess artificial intelligence if it can mimic human responses under specific conditions. The original Turing Test requires three terminals, each of which is physically separated from the other two. One terminal is operated by a computer, while the other two are operated by humans.
During the test, one of the humans functions as the questioner, while the second human and the computer function as respondents. The questioner interrogates the respondents within a specific subject area, using a specified format and context. After a preset length of time or number of questions, the questioner is then asked to decide which respondent was human and which was a computer.
The test is repeated many times. If the questioner makes the correct determination in half of the test runs or less, the computer is considered to have artificial intelligence because the questioner regards it as “just as human” as the human respondent.
7 key benefits of AI for business
As businesses continue to deploy artificial intelligence technologies within their operations, they are starting to reap tangible benefits, including material gains.
1. Efficiency and productivity gains :
Efficiency and productivity gains are two of the most-often cited benefits of implementing AI within the enterprise. The technology handles tasks at a pace and scale that humans can’t match. At the same time, by removing such tasks from human workers’ responsibilities, AI allows those workers to move to higher-value tasks that technology can’t do. This allows organizations to minimize the costs associated with performing mundane, repeatable tasks that can be performed by technology while maximizing the talent of their human capital.
2. Improved speed of business
As fast as business moves in this digital age, AI will help it move even faster, said Karen Panetta, a fellow with the technical professional organization IEEE and Tufts University professor of electrical and computer engineering.
3. New capabilities and business model expansion
4. Better customer service
5. Improved monitoring
6. Better quality and reduction of human error
7. Better talent management
What are the Types of Artificial Intelligence?
However, even though artificial intelligence is referred to as AI in the media, there are different types of AI out there. These three types are
- Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI)
- Artificial general intelligence (AGI)
- Artificial super intelligence (ASI)
Artificial Narrow Intelligence
ANI is also referred to as Narrow AI or Weak AI. This type of artificial intelligence is one that focuses primarily on one single narrow task, with a limited range of abilities. If you think of an example of AI that exists in our lives right now, it is ANI. This is the only type out of the three that is currently around. This includes all kinds of Natural Language or Siri.
Artificial General Intelligence
AGI technology would be on the level of a human mind. Due to this fact, it will probably be some time before we truly grasp AGI, as we still don’t know all there is to know about the human brain itself. However, in concept at least, AGI would be able to think on the same level as a human, much like Sonny the robot in I-Robot featuring Will Smith.
Artificial Super Intelligence
This is where it gets a little theoretical and a touch scary. ASI refers to AI technology that will match and then surpass the human mind. To be classed as an ASI, the technology would have to be more capable than a human in every single way possible. Not only could these AI things carry out tasks, but they would even be capable of having emotions and relationships.
What is the Purpose of Artificial Intelligence?
The purpose of Artificial Intelligence is to aid human capabilities and help us make advanced decisions with far-reaching consequences. That’s the answer from a technical standpoint. From a philosophical perspective, Artificial Intelligence has the potential to help humans live more meaningful lives devoid of hard labour, and help manage the complex web of interconnected individuals, companies, states and nations to function in a manner that’s beneficial to all of humanity.
Where is Artificial Intelligence (AI) Used?
AI is used in different domains to give insights into user behaviour and give recommendations based on the data. For example, Google’s predictive search algorithm used past user data to predict what a user would type next in the search bar. Netflix uses past user data to recommend what movie a user might want to see next, making the user hooked onto the platform and increasing watch time. Facebook uses past data of the users to automatically give suggestions to tag your friends, based on the facial features in their images.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence
- Reduction in Human Error. …
- Zero Risks. …
- 24×7 Availability. …
- Digital Assistance. …
- New Inventions. …
- Unbiased Decisions. …
- Perform Repetitive Jobs. …
- Daily Applications.
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
- High Costs. The ability to create a machine that can simulate human intelligence is no small feat. …
- No creativity. A big disadvantage of AI is that it cannot learn to think outside the box. …
- Unemployment. …
- 4. Make Humans Lazy. …
- No Ethics. …
- Emotionless. …
- No Improvement.
How does Artificial Intelligence (AI) Work?
Building an AI system is a careful process of reverse-engineering human traits and capabilities in a machine, and using its computational prowess to surpass what we are capable of.
Machine Learning: Machine learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence, which is broadly defined as the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. Artificial intelligence systems are used to perform complex tasks in a way that is similar to how humans solve problems.
Deep Learning: Deep Learning is an ML technique. It teaches a machine to process inputs through layers in order to classify, infer and predict the outcome.
Natural Language Processing: NLP is a science of reading, understanding, and interpreting a language by a machine
Computer Vision: Computer vision algorithms try to understand an image by breaking down an image and studying different parts of the object.
Cognitive Computing: Cognitive computing algorithms try to mimic a human brain by analysing text/speech/images/objects in a manner that a human does and tries to give the desired output.
To understand How Artificial Intelligence actually works, one needs to deep dive into the various sub-domains of Artificial Intelligence and understand how those domains could be applied to the various fields of the industry.
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